Diabetic ketoacidosis Symptoms

Diabetic ketoacidosis Symptoms - Diabetic ketoacidosis...

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Symptoms People with clinical symptoms of DKA will present with symptoms of hyperglycaemia and dehydration, including: Polyuria Polydipsia/thirst Exertion weakness Weight loss These symptoms usually develop rapidly – often < 1day. These patients may also complain of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting and dizziness – all related to dehydration. One of the greatest concerns with DKA is cerebral oedema, therefore ask the patient about any headaches, change in vision, unilateral sensation or motor changes. On examination, it is important to look for physical signs of volume depletion. This would include: Dry mucous membranes Tachycardia (often >110) Hypotension Kussmaul respiration and acetone breath Causes DKA is often linked to newly diagnosed diabetics , but this occurs in only 25% of cases. The majority of cases are due to poorly controlled diabetes, the most common case is secondary to an infection or illness. In this scenario, patients may miss/skip their insulin dose as they have not eaten a proper meal. However, glucose is increased in illness and this significantly increases their blood glucose levels, which
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Diabetic ketoacidosis Symptoms - Diabetic ketoacidosis...

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