General anaesthesia

General anaesthesia - General anaesthesia Intravenous...

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General anaesthesia Intravenous anaesthetic induction agents Propofol (diprivan) o This is an emulsion o 1.5 – 2.5 mg / kg o Pain or burning at site of injection o Rapid induction o Rapid, full recovery of consciousness o Postoperative nausea and vomiting uncommon o Can be used to maintain anaesthesia o Systemic effects include hypotension secondary to vasodilatation, apnoea and laryngeal reflexes depressed. Sodium thiopentone (intraval) o Short-acting barbiturate o Rapid, smooth induction o Recovery within 10 minutes o Systemic effects include hypotension secondary to myocardial depression and vasodilatation Ketamine (ketalar) o Intravenous or intramuscular to induce anaesthesia. The later takes up to 10 minutes to bring about induction o Systemic effects include heart rate, blood pressure and cardiac output maintained – good for emergency surgery o Minimal depression of ventilation o Laryngeal reflexes maintained Inhalation induction
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This is indicated if you have an uncooperative patient such as a child. First stage
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANT ANT2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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General anaesthesia - General anaesthesia Intravenous...

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