Cushing1 - Cushing's syndrome Epidemiology Iatrogenic...

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Cushing's syndrome Epidemiology Iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome is the most common form of Cushing's syndrome. The incidence of pituitary tumours may be relatively high, as high as one in five people, but only a minute fraction are active and produce excessive hormones. It has a prevalence of 1 in 100,000 people and most often occurs after puberty around the age of 25-45. Cushing’s disease is more prevalent in women at a ratio of 10:1, while Cushing’s syndrome is more common in men. Diagnosis Diagnosis is based on the clinical symptoms shown by the patient and laboratory investigations. However, many other conditions also present in similar ways such as, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, increased renal size and chronic alcoholism. As such these should also be investigated to ensure an accurate diagnosis and treatment can commence. The following investigations help form a diagnosis:- Blood tests o May reveal raised WCC, high blood sugar and low K + o Serum cortisol will be elevated in both Cushing’s Disease and Syndrome
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Cushing1 - Cushing's syndrome Epidemiology Iatrogenic...

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