Hypoparathyroidis1 - Hypoparathyroidism Hypoparathyroidism...

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Hypoparathyroidism Hypoparathyroidism is a relative or absolute reduction in Parathyroid hormone that result in hypocalcaemia and its associated symptoms Symptoms Patients with hypoparathyriodism will usually present with symptoms suggestive of hypocalcaemia, including: Tingling around lips, fingers, or toes (paraesthesias) Muscle twitches Dry hair, brittle nails Cataracts (if chronic) Convulsions (if severe ) Causes The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is recent surgery. If the parathyroid glands have been affected by surgery (either by a lesion, unplanned resection or compromised blood supply), this may decrease PTH production and decrease serum calcium. Other aetiologies may include: 1. DiGeorge's syndrome (no development of either the parathyroids or the thymus) 2. alcoholism, or alcohol withdrawal 3. Infection (e.g. HIV)
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Epidemiology The most common age group of thyroid disease is in the fifth decade, which coincides with surgery.
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