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Memory_Modules_26-27_Student

Memory_Modules_26-27_Student - Memory Part 1 PSY C 2000...

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PSYC 2000 Memory Part 1
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Introduction to Memory Module 26
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Phenomenon of Memory Memory is the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information How do we remember? Why do we remember certain things? Why are two people’s accounts of an event so different? How can we improve our memory?
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Stages of Memory In computers, this process is sequential. In humans, the brain can do many things at once—in parallel.
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Important Terms in Memory Encoding —the processing of information into the memory system __________ —the retention of encoded information into the memory system Retrieval —the process of getting information out of memory storage
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Types of Memory Sensory memory—the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system ___________________ —activated memory that holds a few items briefly before the information is stored or forgotten Long-term memory—the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system
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Working Memory A newer understanding of short- term memory Focuses on conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory
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Case of Clive Wearing: Life Without Mem
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Encoding: Getting Information In Module 27
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Encoding Information Some information is automatically processed Your route to school However, ______________ requires attention and effort Remember a friend’s new cell-phone number
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Automatic Processing Unconscious encoding of incidental information of well learned information Space—remembering where something in your notes was located ____ —remembering where you left something by recreating a
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