Psychology_Study_Guide Final

Psychology_Study_Guide Final - Psychology Study Guide...

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Psychology Study Guide Anxiety Disorders Symptoms Fear: arousal in response to a specific and present event Anxiety: general reaction in anticipation of future events 1. State anxiety: anxiety felt in the moment 2. Trait anxiety: general level of anxiety Anxious apprehension ( worry ): 1. High anxiety/negative emotion 2. Sense of uncontrollability 3. Shift in attention to self Physiological arousal: fight of flight activation vs. Psychological arousal: thoughts focused on impending event Panic attack: distinct period of time (generally < 10min) characterized by intense physiological symptoms (at least four) Phobias: persistent , irrational narrowly defined fear Obsessions: repetitive behaviors/thoughts used to irrationally reduce anxiety. Usually in response to obsessions Specific Phobia Key characteristics: irrational persistent fear of specific object or situation (e.g., insects, heights, flying) Associated with: intense anxiety when in the presence of object or in anticipation of situation and avoidance of situations Most common fears: animals/insects, height, blood, and flying Social Anxiety Disorder Key characteristics: irrational persistent fear of social situations and fear of negative evaluation specifically Associated with: intense anxiety in social situations and avoidance of social situations Specifier: specific (e.g., public speaking only) and generalized Generalized Anxiety Disorder Key characteristics: excessive worry , more often than not, for 6 months. Must be in response to a range of events. Include three of the following: o Restlessness, easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, sleep disturbance Must have difficulty controlling worries and lead to social or occupational dysfunction Panic Disorder Key characteristics: 4+ of the following in a distinct episode o Palpitations or pounding heart, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, choking, chest discomfort, nausea, dizziness/faintness, feelings of unreality, fear of losing control, fear of dying, paresthesias (numbness or tingling) chills or hot flashes Must also have persistent concerns about having attacks, or the implications of the attacks With Agoraphobia: distress about being in situations where escape may be difficult or embarrassing Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Either obsessions or compulsions (most people have both)
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Obsessions o Repetitive thoughts o Recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images not simply excessive worries about real- life prob o Attempts to suppress these thoughts, impulses, or images o Recognizes that the obsessions are dysfunctional o Concern with dirt, germs, or toxins; something terrible happening (fire, death, illness); symmetry, order, or exactness Compulsions o Repetitive behaviors o behaviors/mental acts that the person feels driven to perform to prevent or reduce distress o excessive hand washing, bathing, tooth brushing, or grooming; repeating rituals (in/out of a door,
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Psychology_Study_Guide Final - Psychology Study Guide...

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