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Study_Guide-Answers

Study_Guide-Answers - Answers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13...

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Answers 1. Motivation 2. Your emotions 3. Instinct Theory, Drive-Reduction Theory, Arousal Theory, Hierarchy of Motives 4. Instincts are unlearned and fixed patterns of behavior common to all members of a species 5. Drive-Reduction Theory 6. Drive-Reduction Theory 7. The need for food or water the drive (when you get hungry or thirsty) drive-reducing behaviors (eating and drinking) 8. Homeostasis (the maintenance of a steady internal state) 9. Drive-Reduction Theory 10. Positive or negative stimuli 11. Incentives 12. A food-deprives person who smells baking bread (incentive) and feels a strong hunger drive 13. It does not provide a comprehensive framework for understanding motivation 14. When dieting you may skip a meal (which will only increase your drive) 15. Human motivation aims not to eliminate arousal but to seek optimum levels of arousal (neither too high nor too low) 16. Abraham Maslow (1970) 17. That certain needs have priority over others 18. Physiological needs like breathing, thirst, and hunger come before psychological needs such as achievement, self-esteem, and the need for recognition 19. Physiological needs safety needs belongingness and love needs esteem needs self- actualization needs 20. Stomach contractions (pangs) 21. Stomach pangs and glucose levels 22. You will still feel hungry and continue to want to eat food 23. Tsang (1938) removed a rats stomach and it still felt hungry and ate food 24. Hormone insulin 25. We feel hungry 26. The hypothalamus acts as the body’s “weight thermostat”, maintaining a set point 27. True 28. Set-Point Theory 29. Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) 30. Basal Metabolic Rate 31. Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-eating disorder 32. Anorexia Nervosa 33. Anorexia Nervosa 34. Bulimia Nervosa 35. Bulimia Nervosa 36. It does not typically drop very low 37. Characterized by significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise 38. Obesity 39. Obesity 40. 66%; 35% 41. Nature (genetics) and nurture (family)
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42. That eating disorders are more likely to occur in identical twins rather than fraternal twins 43. Family-younger generations develop eating disorders when raised in families in which weight is an excessive concern (if parent continues to stress being healthy and dieting) 44. Western culture tends to place more emphasis on a thin body image in comparison to other cultures 45. Sexual motivation 46. Masters ad Johnson (1966) 47. Excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution 48. Orgasm 49. Excitement 50. Excitement 51. Excitement peaks such as breaking, pulse, and blood pressure 52. Engorged genital release blood, male goes through refractory phase and women resolve slower 53. At any point in the cycle 54. Premature ejaculation and erectile disorder 55. Orgasmic disorders 56.
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