Study_Guide-Questions

Study_Guide-Questions - Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8....

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Questions 1. What is the need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towards a goal? 2. What can strengthen or weaken your motivation? 3. What are four perspectives (theories) to explain motivation? 4. Explain the Instinct Theory. 5. What theory explains the physiological need that creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need? 6. What is another name for the Replaces Instinct Theory? 7. What is an example of Drive-Reduction Theory? 8. What is the physiological aim of drive-reduction theory? 9. What is the maintenance of steady body temperature or food intake an example of? 10. What are incentives? 11. When our needs push, what pulls us in reducing our drives? 12. What is an example of the use of incentives in the Drive-Reduction Theory? 13. What does the Drive-Reduction Theory fail to explain? 14. How do we in ways increase a drive rather than reduce a drive? 15. What is the Arousal Theory? 16. Who is associated with the Hierarchy of Needs? 17. What did ^^he/she suggest? 18. Explain the Hierarchy of Needs. 19. What is the order of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs? 20. What sends signals to the brain making us aware of our hunger? 21. What two things make us feel hungry? 22. What happens if a stomach is removed? 23. How do we know this^^? 24. What decreases the glucose in the blood, partly by converting it to stored fat? 25. What happens if our glucose level drops? 26. Explain Set-Point Theory. 27. Set-Point Theory is influenced by heredity. True or False? 28. Humans regulate weight through control of food intake, energy output, and basal metabolic rate. What theory does this go along with? 29. What is the rate of energy expenditure for maintaining basic body functions when the body is at rest? 30. What is the measure of number of calories you burn a day? 31. What are three eating disorders? 32. Which eating disorder is characterized by a normal-weight person (usually adolescent women) losing weight continuously until significantly below normal weight and yet feeling overweight? 33. Which eating disorder does the BMI drop significantly low? 34. Which eating disorder is characterized by episodes of overeating, usually high-calorie foods followed by vomiting, using laxatives, fasting, or excessive exercise? 35. An individual of normal weight could possibly be suffering from which eating disorder? 36. What happens to a person’s BMI that has Bulimia? 37. What is Binge-eating disorder? 38. What is the disorder characterized by being excessively overweight? 39. What increases the risk for health issues like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, and back problems? 40. ___% of Americans are overweight (BMI= 25-35) and ___% are obese (BMI= 30+).
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41. What are the two “reasons” for eating disorders? 42. What do twin studies show about eating disorders?
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 1020 taught by Professor Vinci during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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Study_Guide-Questions - Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8....

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