notes II WORD - Psychology Notes Two Motivation Theories 1....

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Psychology Notes Two Motivation Theories 1. Instinct (Freud) 2. Drive (Hull) a. Driven to reduce tension i. Primary drives: automatic like hunger ii. Secondary drives: higher thinking like wanting to get a good job 3. Growth (Maslow) a. Hierarchy of Needs i. Must meet the basic level of needs before you can move up the pyramid. Cannot skip levels on the way up, but can on the way down. Achievement Motivation 1. Need Achievement Theory (McClelland) a. Aspects of the Person i. motivation to Achieve Success 1. not afraid of failure and taking risks 2. usually are the high achiever ii. motivation to Avoid Failure 1. usually are the low achievers b. Aspects of the Situation i. Probability of Success 1. High Achievers like 50-50 sensibility 2. Low Achievers want the extremes ii. Value of Success 1. High Achievers want middle ground value 2. Low Achievers want the extremes 2. Attribution Theory a. Causality i. internal: it was my fault or doing ii. external: it was the environment/ outside personal control b. Stability i. stable: “I am smart at psychology and got an “ ii. Unstable: “I woke up and felt sick”
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i. In one’s control: how much you study ii. Out of one’s control: which questions from the study guide he picks d. Effects on i. emotion: attributing to internal factors are more extreme. Very happy or depressed. External forces being the cause just make people feel relieved or annoyed ii. motivation: repeated negative internal factors make you less motivated 3. Achievement Goal Theory a. Outcome Goals: “I am going to win every race I swim” b. Task/ Performance Goals: “I am going to put as much effort into every practice as possible so that I will swim well at meets” c. Associations with Success i. Outcome Goals tend to not help your success because many factors are out of your control. ii. Task Goals are much better for success because they are positioning you to get a better outcome in the end Development of Achievement Motivation 1. Autonomous Comtentency (2-4 years old) a. Look! I can do ___ 2. Social Comparison (5-12 years old) a. I am better than you at ____
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 120 taught by Professor Lebrenton during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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notes II WORD - Psychology Notes Two Motivation Theories 1....

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