lecture11 - 20:04 Yugoslavia,happenedinEurope,,maybethe...

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20:04 Role of ethnicity and nationalism Yugoslavia, happened in Europe, where the first world war happened, maybe the  problems are not solved.  Rwanda  Ethnic conflict:  Causal stories: Poverty, and further deterioration of economic conditions: crop failure, commodities  price falling, birth rates increasing Use of state to enhance majority’s position at expense of minority *Victims of war of conquest: truth almost Government exploits anti-minority sentiments to consolidate domestic control, exploited  racist cultural anti-Semitism    Violence to eliminate potential rivals *deterrent threat that failed: another almost truth. If you invade we will invade all of co- ethnics inside country, threat was supports to deter would-be invaders, but not sufficient.  Final escalation of centuries old ethnic conflict 1994 Rwanda  ethnic conflict in rwands: hutus cultivators and tutsis herdman (in far past were  outsiders). Caste distinction.  Cows more valuable asset, tutsis wealthier, rule Rwanda in 19 th  century.  Samantha power, human rights advisor  Alternative story: mass killing of large scale civil war Tremendous heterogeneity in killing
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