Day 3 - Introduction to Sociology Day 3 Sociology is...

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Introduction to Sociology – Day 3 Sociology is Multi-Paradigmatic Sociology differs from many disciplines in this way Paradigm: a broad theoretical orientation which dictates what types of assumptions we make and what kinds of questions we ask about our topic (in this case society) Four main Theoretical Traditions Functionalism o Macrostructures o Stable patterns of social relations o Structures either maintain or undermine social stability o Social structure based mainly on shared values o Mostly problems solved by restoring social structure (equilibrium) Conflict Theory o Social Inequality is Maintained and Challenged o Macro-level structures o Inequality produces social stability and social change o Privileged groups strive to maintain their status; subordinate groups strive to increase theirs o Eliminating privilege will lower conflict Symbolic Interaction o People create meaning when they communicate in Micro-level settings o Understanding subjective meanings of social circumstances o People create their social circumstances, not just react to them
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course SOC 1113 taught by Professor Webb during the Fall '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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Day 3 - Introduction to Sociology Day 3 Sociology is...

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