Day 12 - Classical Criminology • Classical Criminological...

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Introduction to Sociology – Day 12 Classical School of Criminology Holds that decisions to violate the law are weighed against possible punishments Beccaria and Bentham “Let the punishment fit the crime” To be effective, punishment must be sufficient severe, certain and swift to control crime Cesare Beccaria An Essay on Crimes and Punishment (1764) Social context of Beccaria o Economic form o Where people lived o Nation States o Enlightenment Beccaria’s Main Points (6) Rational punishment to preserve the social contract Lawmakers make law; Judges determine guilt The Hedonistic Psychology of Deviance Rationally Calculated Punishments Deterrence (General/Specific) Control Acts, not Actors Jeremy Bentham Fragment of Government (1776) An Introduction to the Principals of Morals and Legislation (1789) Presented a proposal for rational legal reform similar to that of Beccaria Also conceived of a ‘mathematics of rational punishments’ Most known for the Panoptican (prison design)
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Unformatted text preview: Classical Criminology • Classical Criminological principles first adopted in the French Penal Code of 1791 • No just recourse for people committing the same crimes under very different social circumstances Neo-Classical Modification • Premeditation • Mitigating Circumstances • Insanity: the Daniel McNaughton case o (1843) Policy Implications? • Punishment must be (just) severe enough to convince deviants that: o Crime does not pay Convincing potential deviant that they will be punished Punishing deviants so severely that won’t become deviant again o They are better off choosing conventional, not criminal, means to satisfy their needs Incapacitation Strategies • Attempt to reduce crime rates by denying motivated offenders the opportunity to commit crime • Are premised on the notion that one cannot commit crime if not is incarcerated • Typically involve lengthy, tough, mandatory sentences...
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course SOC 1113 taught by Professor Webb during the Fall '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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Day 12 - Classical Criminology • Classical Criminological...

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