Day 15 - Introduction to Sociology Day 15 Social Factors...

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Introduction to Sociology – Day 15 Social Factors and Deviance Interpersonal interactions Community conditions Exposure to violence Social Change Low socioeconomic status Racial disparity Social Structure and Deviance Stratified society o A society based on the unequal distribution of scarce and valuable resources Underclass At-risk youth (populations) Culture of Poverty (Oscar Lewis) Federal Poverty* Guidelines The 48 Contiguous States and DC 92011) o Persons in family Poverty guideline o 1 $10,890 o 2 14,710 o 3 18,530 o 4 22,350 Social Structure Theories Social and economic forces operation in deteriorated lower-class area are the key determinant of delinquent behavior patterns Though not all youthful offenders become adult criminals, those who reside in poverty- stricken lower-class areas and become encultured into the values of inner-city neighborhoods are the ones most likely to persist in delinquency Structural Strain Theories Social Disorganization Theory Strain Theory Cultural Deviance Theory Social Disorganization Theory The inability of a community to exert social control allows youths the freedom to engage in illegal behavior Consequences of disorganization? Chicago School (1920s) Emphasized SOCIAL causation
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social ills associated with particular areas Deviance via change: Social Disorganization
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