Day 19 - Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature the...

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Introduction to Sociology – Day 19 Auguste Comte Stages of the evolution of society Theological o Explanations via gods/godheads Metaphysical o Spirituality o Parapsychology o Science Positivist o Everything can be proven/disproved/explained through science Durkheim: The Functions of Religion Society creates religion Religion reinforces society and the existing mores and enhances these with sacredness Religion is perhaps the most important social institution we make Reaffirms social bods between people Creates social cohesion through religious rituals Binds individuals to society by establishing a collective consciousness Establishes the sacred-secular dichotomy o Sacredness reinforces mortality Marx: Religion, Social Conflict, and Oppression Religion: o Legitimates the social order and supports the ideas of the ruling class o Soothes the oppressed and prevents them from rising against oppression
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Unformatted text preview: Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people o Can be the basis for social change or social continuity SO… • For Marx, religion is a form of social control—reinforces the status quo • Individual qualities of love, patience, meekness, turning the other cheek, compassion, charity, insistence on ‘faith’ Marx • Marx thought religion was a form of False Consciousness • Religious stories, religious teachings, the idea of a heaven Origin of Religion (Reasons) • Theological (benevolence): • God’s will; o God commands it • Fear • Ignorance • Animistic • Manipulation • Guilt Religious Organizations • Churches • Sects • Cults...
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Day 19 - Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature the...

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