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Day 20 - Introduction to Sociology Day 20 What is social...

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Introduction to Sociology – Day 20 What is social change? Social change is the alteration of social interactions, institutions, stratification systems, and elements of culture over time o Microchanges are subtle alterations in the day to day interaction between people o Macrochanges are gradual transformations that occur on a broad scale and affect many aspects of society Characteristics of social change 1. Social change is uneven 2. Onset and consequences of social change are often unforeseen 3. Social change creates conflict 4. The direction of social change is not random Theories of social change: Comte Spencer DH Töennies Marx Weber Cyclical theory Global theories (world systems; modernization; dependency) Revolution The overthrow of a state or the total transformation of central state institutions Social structural conditions that can lead to revolution: o A state so repressed that a strong political cultured develops out of resistance to
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