8c - Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Assignment no...

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Urban Transportation Planning – Fall 2006 Assignment no 4 ± Let us begin by a world tour thanks to J.Kenworthy and F. Laube – “The Millennium Cities. Data base for Sustainable Transport” sponsored by the UITP ± A follow-up to the 1989 “Cities and Automobile Dependence” by P.Newman and J.Kenworthy 1
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Urban Transportation Planning – Fall 2006 … And it is complemented by its follow-up ± A set of 50 cities with evolution of performance between 1995 and 2001, plus mobility policies in 2006 2
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Urban Transportation Planning – Fall 2006 Urban Density is critical… 3 0 Western Europe (55.1) Eastern Europe (71.36) North America (18.67) Latin America (89.66) World Regions Persons/Ha Middle East (76.79) Asian Affluent (134.36) Other Asian (189.75) Ocean A (15.02) Africa (101.67) 40 80 120 160 200 URBAN DENSITY . Figure by MIT OCW, adapted from the UITP Millennium Cities Database.
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Urban Transportation Planning – Fall 2006 The higher the density, the higher… … the percentage of sustainable modes 4 0 20 U.S.A. Western Europe 40 Density (Inhabitants/Hectare) 80 160 320 20 Modal Choice (% Public Transport- Cycling-Walking) 40 60 80 100 All Cities Density (Inhabitants/Hectare) vs Modal Choice (% Public Transport + Cycling + Walking) Figure by MIT OCW, adapted from the UITP Millennium Cities Database.
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Urban Transportation Planning – Fall 2006 Job density is also a critical parameter As Joel Garreau says (The Edge Cities), when the president moves to the suburbs, he takes the office along 0 Western Europe (18.29) Eastern Europe (17.03) North America (11.34) Latin America (22.6) World Regions Percent Middle East (13.32) Asian Affluent (20.08) Other Asian (25.53) Ocean A (15.06) Africa (14.03) 5 10 15 20 25 30 Proportion of Jobs in CBD Figure by MIT OCW, adapted from the UITP Millennium Cities Database.
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6 0 Western Europe (2.89) Eastern Europe (2.81) North America (3.5) Latin America (1.71) World Regions Middle East (2.34) Asian Affluent (2.66) Other Asian (2.13) Ocean A (3.86) Africa (1.59) 1 2 3 4 Total Daily Trips per Capita Urban Transportation Planning – Fall 2006 Number of trips, nearly a constant ± The number of trips result from the activities profile ± But be aware that non-motorized trips may go unaccounted for, in some surveys Tr ip s/ Pe rs on Figure by MIT OCW, adapted from the UITP Millennium Cities Database.
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0 Western Europe (31.04) Eastern Europe (26.22) North America (8.86) Latin America (24.65) World Regions Percent Middle East (14.96) Asian Affluent (29.05) Other Asian (39.9) Ocean A (15.8) Africa (42.17) 10 20 30 40 * Percentage of Non Motorised Modes Over all Trips Urban Transportation Planning – Fall 2006 Percentage of non-motorized trips Is this a surprise? Figure by MIT OCW, adapted from the UITP Millennium Cities Database.
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8c - Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Assignment no...

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