12b - Intelligent Transport Services (ITS) Urban...

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Unformatted text preview: Intelligent Transport Services (ITS) Urban Transportation Planning MIT Course 1.252j/11.540j Fall 2006 Mikel Murga, MIT Lecturer and Research Associate Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Scope Summary TeleComs: Enabling Technologies ITS: Concept and Goals Automobile Oriented Transit Oriented Policy Arena: From deployment of new technologies towards organizational changes F.Salvucci and M.Murga 2 Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Summary: ITS in a nutshell Objectives: Originally to address road congestion Later, transit, safety, logistics, demand management , security Intermodal perspective Technology: TeleComs as the starting point Technical compatibility and integration Market driven Promises and realities Often, solutions in search of problems F.Salvucci and M.Murga 3 Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Summary: ITS in a nutshell Policy Arena: Need to share and exchange information Institutional cooperation From a tactical tool towards a strategic approach Recent boost on behalf of road safety F.Salvucci and M.Murga 4 Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Summary: ITS in a nutshell Main applications in the US: ATIS: Advanced Traveler Information Systems AVCS Advanced Vehicle Control Systems CVO: Commercial Vehicle Operations APTS: Advanced Public Transportation Systems ARTS: Advanced Rural Transportation Systems Ref: Perspectives on Intelligent Transportation Systems by Joseph M. Sussman, Springer 2005 F.Salvucci and M.Murga 5 Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 TeleComs: Tele communications + Com puting sectors Fastest growing sector in Europe 5% GDP: 4 million employed 300,000 new jobs (95 - 97) More to come: Audio visual (3G video services) New mobile services, as. More cellular phones than computers! F.Salvucci and M.Murga 6 Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Telecom jobs are booming F.Salvucci and M.Murga 7 Mobile Telephony 1992 1997 2002 100 Thousands jobs Mio. subscribers 200 300 400 40 80 120 160 Jobs Subscribers Figure by MIT OCW. Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Projected E-commerce growth Sources: various forcasts as indicated F.Salvucci and M.Murga 8 1996 1997 OECD OECD 30 7 200 300 1000 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2004 200 600 800 1000 1200 $bn 400 Activmedia Forrester Figure by MIT OCW. Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Technology evolution 11 F.Salvucci and M.Murga IMT-2000 Capable Systems Circuit data EDGE/EGPRS WCDMA GPRS HSCSD Speech Functionality and Capabilities Time 1997 1996 1995 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2 Mbps 384 kbps <9.6 kbps 38.4 kbps / 57.6 kbps 115 kbps Circuit Switched Packet Switched Figure by MIT OCW. Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006 Technology evolution z SMS z SIM Toolkit z WAP z GPRS z Bluetooth z Terminals z Smartcards z E-commerce z Security z Positioning F.Salvucci and M.Murga 12 Urban Transportation Planning Fall 2006...
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12b - Intelligent Transport Services (ITS) Urban...

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