week2 - The "Big Dig" of Boston, Massachusetts:...

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The "Big Dig" of Boston, Massachusetts: Lessons to Learn Western Hemisphere Project 1
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SUMMARY Western Hemisphere Project 2
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ENVIRONMENT ECONOMY EQUITY Western Hemisphere Project 3
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BENEFITS OF PROJECT ENORMOUS A) Avoid gridlock B) Improve environmental quality C) Allow growth of downtown economy D) Enormous short-term construction benefits Western Hemisphere Project 4
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DELAY IMPOSES SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES A) Postponement of benefits B) Inflation drives up construction cost C) Delay leads to scope changes that may be costly Western Hemisphere Project 5
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TRANSITIONS Transitions, both political and through disciplinary "cultures" of planning, design, construction, are difficult to manage Western Hemisphere Project 6
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ADEQUATE PUBLIC OVERSIGHT ESSENTIAL TO SUCCESS Western Hemisphere Project 7
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CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES AHEAD A. Boston Metropolitan Area Operations and maintenance Transit Surface land over Artery Smart growth Western Hemisphere Project 8
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CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES AHEAD B. National Re-development of old infrastructure (not petrified wood) Maintenance of healthy city during construction Stable dedicated Federal funding Need for integrated environmental and construction oversight C. Talent and competency in engineering/public policy interface <1950s ethnic joke> Western Hemisphere Project 9
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INTRODUCTION: The Central Artery/Tunnel (CA/T) is Like an Escher Print. I. A framework to consider large projects II. "Pre-History": 1948-1959; 1959-1970 III. Project conceptualization; Environmental analysis: 1970-1990 “Doing the right job” IV. Construction period history, 1991-2002 “Doing the job right” V. Key questions VI. Challenges and opportunities ahead, Boston and national significance Western Hemisphere Project 10
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The Central Artery/Tunnel (CA/T) is Like an Escher Print 1) The biggest highway project in the U.S. grew out of the anti- highway movement 2) CA/T is about improved quality of mobility for core, or about increasing quantity of low-quality auto access. 3) The CA/T won't work unless continued improvements are made in mass transit 4) CA/T is about environmental improvement by replacing elevated highway primarily with open space. 5) CA/T is about major urban growth in the South Boston seaport district. Western Hemisphere Project 11
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... Escher Print (cont’d) 6) The CA/T is about construction jobs 7) The CA/T is about city building and "smart" economic growth 8) Conditions of political support are often ambiguous and imprecise 9) Dominant culture of project, as well as political leadership, can change over the life of the project 10) The CA/T is an example of Massachusetts gaining at the expense of the rest of the US Western Hemisphere Project 12
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... Escher Print (cont’d) 11) The CA/T is an example of partisan politics depriving Massachusetts of fair treatment under the Interstate Highway Program (1956) and the National Environmental Policy Act 12) The CA/T is the first interstate highway developed in substantial
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week2 - The &quot;Big Dig&quot; of Boston, Massachusetts:...

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