lecture16

lecture16 - Lecture 16 Introduction to waste disposal...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 16 Introduction to waste disposal Municipal Solid Waste Disposal See image at the Web site of South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Division of Mining and Solid Waste Management. http://www.scdhec.net/lwm/html/plan.html . Accessed May 13, 2004. Municipal solid waste generation - 1995 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 C a n a d a M e x ic o U S J a p a n K o r e a A u s t r ia B e lg iu m C z e c h R e p . D e n m a r k F in la n d F r a n c e G e rm a n y G r e e c e H u n g a r y I c e la n d I r e la n d I t a ly L u x e m b o u r g N e t h e r la n d s N o rw a y P o la n d P o r t u g a l S p a in S w e d e n S w i t z e r la n d T u r k e y S lo v a k ia Million metric tons Source for charts: OECD Environmental Data, Compendium 1997. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris. 1997. Per capita MSW generation - 1995 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 C a n a d a M e x ic o U S J a p a n A u s t r a l ia A u s t r ia B e lg iu m C z e c h R e p . D e n m a r k F in la n d F r a n c e G e rm a n y G r e e c e H u n g a r y I c e la n d I r e la n d I t a ly L u x e m b o u r g N e t h e r la n d s N o rw a y P o la n d P o r t u g a l S p a in S w e d e n S w i t z e r la n d T u r k e y Kg/capita/year Source for charts: OECD Environmental Data, Compendium 1997. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris. 1997. Composition of U.S. MSW - 2000 Source: U.S. EPA, 2003. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/muncpl/facts.htm. February 11, 2003. Accessed: April 6, 2003. See also: U.S. EPA, 2002 Municipal Solid Waste in The United States: 2000 Facts and Figures. Report No. EPA530-R-02-001. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, U.S. EPA, Washington, D.C. June 2002. http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/muncpl/report-00/report-00.pdf Paper and paperboard 36% Food waste 11% Plastics 11% Glass 6% Wood 6% Rubber, Leather, and Textiles 7% Yard trimmings 12% Other 3% Metals 8% MSW generation rates in U.S. over time Source: U.S. EPA, 2003. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/muncpl/facts.htm. February 11, 2003. Accessed: April 6, 2003. See image at Web site of New York City Department of Planning, Fresh Kills: Landfill to Landscape, Fresh Kills Map Viewer. http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/html/fkl/ada/index.html. Accessed May 13, 2004. Refuse generation rates in NYC 1000 500 1900 1920 1940 Refuse Disposal Rate (kg/capita/yr) 1960 1980 2000 Adapted from: Walsh, D. C. "Urban Residential Refuse Composition and Generation Rates for the 20th Century." Environmental Science & Technology 36, no. 22 (October 2002): 4936. Without Ash Total Changes in MSW composition 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 Mass fraction (percent) Ash Paper Source of data: Walsh, D. C., 2002. Urban Residential Refuse Composition and Generation Rates for the 20th Century. Environmental Science & Technology. Vol. 36, No. 22, Pg. 4936. October 2002. Changes in MSW composition...
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course ESD 1.34 taught by Professor Petershanahan during the Spring '04 term at MIT.

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lecture16 - Lecture 16 Introduction to waste disposal...

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