11 - 9/2/11 Conceptual vs. Operations Definitions...

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9/2/11 Conceptual vs. Operations Definitions Conceptual- meaning of the variable more abstractly or generally Operational- how the variable is measured or observed Measuring Anxiety Conceptual: uneasiness and distress about future uncertainties Operational: o Self Report (5 items, Likert scale) o Parent Report o Behavioral observation (5 min of counting anxious behaviors) o Physiological measure (pulse for 30 seconds) Research Sequence Observation/Library Research lead to an idea Develop Hypothesis Design Study Choose Study Population Conduct Study Analyze the Data Report Results Watson Paper Kun’s “Structure of Scientific Revolutions” Before: Scientific progress is incremental Kuhn – progress is episodic o Continual progress is interrupted by periods of revolutionary science Paradigm Shifts Paradigm The prevailing view that guides nearly all research endeavors in a science Watson claims that psychology does not have a paradigm
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11 - 9/2/11 Conceptual vs. Operations Definitions...

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