11 - Motivation Direction o Choice of behavior among many...

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10/17/11 Motivation Direction o Choice of behavior, among many Intensity o How much effort put forth Persistence o Engagement over time Work Motivation Theories Distal o Processes far removed from the behavior Proximal o Processes that are close to the behavior Needs Theories Maslow’s Needs hierarchy theory o Fulfillment of human needs is necessary for physical and psychological health o Human needs are arranged in a hierarchy that includes physical, social, and psychological needs Physiological Safety Love Esteem Self-Actualization Two-factor theory o Motivation comes from the nature of the job, not from external rewards or job conditions Hygiene factors Animal needs o Pay o Policies o Supervision Motivator factors Job aspects o Achievement o Recognition o Nature of work Reinforcement Theory – least motivational Behaviors is seen as a response to the environment Rewards dictate motivation Law of Effect o Probability of a behavior increases if it is followed by a reward the opposite is true as well
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course PSYC 351 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Texas A&M.

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11 - Motivation Direction o Choice of behavior among many...

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