EEB142 Exam 1 Study Questions

EEB142 Exam 1 Study Questions - EEB142 Study Questions 1....

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EEB142 Study Questions 1. List five ecologically important ways that water differs from air. 2. How do the transport properties of water create differences between terrestrial and marine ecosytems? 3. What materials increase organismal buoyancy in water? Which decrease it? 4. Why don’t we see organisms that are positively buoyant in air? 5. What is the difference between open and closed populations? 6. Are organisms with a complex life cycle part of an open or closed population? 7. How do patterns of primary production differ between the marine and terrestrial ecosystems? 8. Which is higher in the ocean as compared to land- species or phyletic diversity? 9. Why might the number of species in the ocean be underestimated (3 reasons)? 10. How does external fertilization contribute to the existence of cryptic species? 11. How does the fluid environment cause carbon transport to differ between the terrestrial and marine environments? 12. What are two functions of basal species? Give an example of a basal species that is a primary producer and an example of a basal species that is not a primary producer. 13. How does the heat conduction of water influence the physiology of aquatic animals? 14. How does the ability of animals to exchange gases with the environment differ between water and air? 15. Why does intermediate disturbance help maintain a diverse community? 16. What is the difference between the accelerating, cruising and maneuvering fish morphologies in terms of body undulation/fin oscillation, body shape, tail shape and pectoral fins? 17.
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course EEB 142 taught by Professor Halpin during the Fall '11 term at UCLA.

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EEB142 Exam 1 Study Questions - EEB142 Study Questions 1....

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