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historynotes - GILDED AGE -New from slavery to segregation...

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GILDED AGE -New from slavery to segregation -New Freedman: what happened to them? -Stephen Douglass met Lincoln to discuss what would happen to them PHASES SLAVES GO THROUGH Phase 1 - Sharecropper system in the late 1860s - Free people are uneducated and unskilled - Shortage of workers in the south Sharecropper system: white landowners allowed former slaves to live and work in the land and in return the person had to give 25-30% of their produce - Slaves now could make an income, but kept black in the rural areas still uneducated (they still depended on whites) Racial Groups (1865-1866) KKK (Klu Klux Klan) Black codes: rules and regulations by states and enforced by local government, blacks were arrested if they weren’t working No free enterprise after the war restriction on political and social freedom - Blacks could not vote, be witness in trials, carry arms (2 nd amendment), no marriage between blacks and whites, curfew, etc Phase 2 Radical Reconstruction 1870s - Radical republicans and their reconstruction - 13, 14, 15 Amendments 1866 Election Southerners voted for those who led them in the war Union disbanded southern congress members - Made 5 military zones - It was not constitutional but it happened - The condition for southern states to come back to the Union was to ratify amendments 13, 14 and 15 - 13 th Freedom - 14 th Due process of law to ALL Americans/ All persons born or naturalized is citizens - Dred Scott: freed black men (born in the US) but it was ruled that he was not a citizen (Amendment overturns rule) - 15 th Vote for ALL Americans (blacks can vote!) - Civil Rights Act - Freedman’s Bureau: to help former slaves to get land, build schools, religion (black Baptist colleges), increased political rights - Revels, other improvements: Blacks start going to college, African Americans go to the polls - Election of 1870 former slaves vote for the 1 st time! - 1870s 14 former slaves were congressmen; Mr. Revels takes the seat of Mississippi
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- Northern states passed laws such as black men could now be witness in trials; northern universities start accepting black students - African Americans voted for Republicans because of Lincoln, and in the south white people voted democrat COMPROMISE OF 1877: Tilden (D) v. Hayes (R) Problem: 3 southern states (LA, SC, FL) needed recount They recount the votes and Tilden wins, but then Congress recounts the votes and Hayes wins Hayes won the Electoral College, but not the popular vote. Republicans win the presidency! (From Lincoln to Wilson, presidents are republicans) Republicans make a deal with democrats: they pull the Union army out of the South, this has an impact in the lives of former slaves. - Without the army, states start having rights that impact freedmen (republicans did this because they were tired of war) Compromise of 1877: Beginning of Phase 3 Phase 3 - Discrimination rises - Northern people were against slavery but they still didn’t treat blacks equally, schools were separated by race (but because of residency), it was harder for
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historynotes - GILDED AGE -New from slavery to segregation...

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