Chapter 6 The Spiritual Person (2)

Chapter 6 The Spiritual Person (2) - Chapter 6 The...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6 The Spiritual Person Dr. Ricks Key Points Addressed Spirituality Defined Toward Transpersonal Theories Associated Themes: Fourth Force Stages of Faith: Fowler Model of Consciousness: Wilber Fowler and Wilber: Comparison and Contrast Spirituality and the Human Experience Spirituality in the Lives of Persons of Color and Other Marginalized Ethnic Groups The Religions Among Us: Test Your Knowledge Spirituality Defined Spirituality: Search for purpose, meaning, and connection between self, others, the universe, and ultimate reality; both religious and non-religious expressions Religion: A systematic set of beliefs, practices, and traditions experienced within a particular social institution over time Transpersonal theory: posits that states of human consciousness and potential “go beyond” our traditional views of health and normality; to “go beyond” the self toward higher levels of consciousness Themes Associated with Transpersonal Theory Sense of connection with nature, others, ultimate beings and the divine Existence beyond ‘humanness’ … beyond self and ego Higher level of consciousness Heightened awareness of relationship between self and environment Fourth Force therapeutic approach Fourth Force Emergence First force, the psychodynamic perspective behavior determined by unconsciousness, instinctual needs to seek pleasure and avoid pain Second force, the behavioral perspective behavior determined by environmental forces Third force, the humanist perspective behavior determined by need for self-actualization, fulfilling human potential to love, create, etc. Fourth force, based on transpersonal theories specifically targeting the spiritual dimension Key Concepts of Fowler’s Stages of Development FAITH: a universal aspect of human existence gives coherence and direction to people’s lives links them in shared trusts and loyalties with others grounds personal stances and communal loyalties in a sense of relatedness to a larger frame of reference enables people to face and deal with the limited conditions of life, relying upon that which has the quality of ultimacy in their lives ULTIMATE ENVIRONMENT: highest level of reality Stages of Faith (Fowler): Evolving Relationship with Ultimate Environment Early experiences set the stage for later faith development Understanding a person’s values, beliefs, and sense of meaning can help us better appreciate the tasks, tensions, and challenges at various points in life Stages of Faith (Fowler): How a Child Comes to Know a Spiritual Being Outside of Self Primal faith –developing sense of security and trust; of being taken care of by ultimate...
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Chapter 6 The Spiritual Person (2) - Chapter 6 The...

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