Chapter06PPT_MSB_453_Fall_2011_ - 6 Process Selection and...

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Unformatted text preview: 6 Process Selection and Facility Layout System Design Area Product and Service Design(Choice) Strategic Capacity Planning Process Selection Facility Layout Design of Work Systems Location Planning and Analysis Decision making areas with Strategic Significance Affects entire organization & its’ ability to achieve its mission. Long-term effects to an organization , even to its supply chain 6-2 6-3 Learning Objectives Explain the strategic importance of process selection. Explain the influence that process selection has on an organization. Describe the basic process types. Discuss automated approaches to processing. Explain the need for management of technology. 6-4 Learning Objectives(con.) List some reasons for redesigning layouts. Describe the basic layout types. List the main advantages and disadvantages of product layouts and process layouts. Describe a fixed position layout Solve simple line-balancing problems. Develop simple process layouts. 6-5 Processes : Convert inputs into outputs: create goods and/or provide services, they are at the core of operations management. Process selection Deciding on the way production of goods or services will be organized. Process selection occurs when New products or services are being planned, Technological changes in product or equipment, Competitive pressures . Introduction 6-6 Figure 6.1 Relationships among System Design Areas Capacity planning and Process selection are closely interrelated , affect facility and equipment selection . layout . and work design . 6-7 Main concern and key aspects Capital intensity – the mix of equipment and labor used Process flexibility- the degree to which the system can be adjusted to changes * in processing requirements * Changes to be adjusted – Design – Volume – Technology Organizational Process Strategy How an organization approaches process selection 6-8 Technology Technology and technology innovation have a major influence on business organizations. Technology : The application of scientific discoveries to the development and improvement of products and services and operations processes . Technology innovation : The discovery and development of new or improved products, services, or processes for producing or providing them. 6-9 Kinds of Technology Three kinds of technology Operations management is primarily concerned with : Product and service technology: D & D of new one Process technology: methods, procedure, and equipment Information technology: the use of computers and other electronic equipments to retrieve and store and transmit information Major impact on : Costs Productivity Competitiveness 6-10 Technology as a competitive advantage Benefits from Technology and TI Products and services technology Cell phones, PDAs, Robot, GPS devices Remote sensing. Medical telemetry Wireless computing, wireless e-mail, satellite radio...
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Chapter06PPT_MSB_453_Fall_2011_ - 6 Process Selection and...

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