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Lecture 7 - Lecture 7 EARLY DEVELOPERS BERMAN Which were...

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Lecture 7 EARLY DEVELOPERS - BERMAN Which were the first early developers? Why Britain and France emerged as political models for other countries to follow? Where did they get their basic institutions and practice of government? - empires build on cities - self governing cities - cities that were commercial centres o centres that were constituted of the people themselves legal consciousness uniqueness of European cities - what was unique about the emergence of communes in the 11, 12, 13 centuries - self governing communes, entities - cities emerged in northern italy, france - these cities were neither administrative centres of a central authority - they had a combination of variables - communes unique o two fundamental attributes middle class population (artisans, merchants, bankers etc.) municipal organizations - historians have sought to explain the rise of communes - communes: people coming together - social factors o city was a way to be upwardly mobile o exodus of serfs, peasants to the city o
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