lecture 9 - The formation of national monarchies The case...

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The formation of national monarchies The case of great britai/England/uk The end point: the Westminster model has spread to Canada The principle elements - The executive - Government that is based on the majority system - Parties - her majesty’s government - prime minister and PMO - cabinet - opposition - house of lords (partly hereditary, partly by appointment) - house of commons (parliament is at the core of the Westminster model) - to succeed, the government needs to have the majority of the parliament - as long as government has the support of its party and a majority of the house, they can basically ignore the opposition - The authority that was once held by the King now resides largely in the PMO - The party has to be a cohesive unit in order to function properly - The government has to have the confidence of the house - Party discipline - The head of state – prime minister – government and cabinet – opposition - Source of legitimacy is the people In sharp contrast to French case -
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