Chapter01.A brief history of computing

Chapter01.A brief history of computing - Connecting with...

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Unformatted text preview: Connecting with Computer Science 2 Objectives Learn why today almost everyone is a computer operator Learn about the predecessors of modern computer hardware and software Trace the development of computer hardware and software through several generations Connecting with Computer Science 3 Objectives (continued) Learn that sometimes good ideas flop and bad ones survive Meet some interesting figuressome famous, some infamous, some wealthy, and some obscure See some issues facing modern computing Connecting with Computer Science 4 Why You Need to Know About the History of Computing Computers are everywhere Communication device Tool for artists, architects, and designers Information archive Entertainment device Trains, planes, automobiles What caused the revolution? What lies ahead? Connecting with Computer Science 5 Ancient History Fifth Generation Forth Generation Third Generation Second Generation First Generation In the future What will be happened? What will need? 1950s Vacuum tubes worked as memory Data(MD,MT,PaperT,Card Late 1950s Second half of 1960s Software innovations(H.L.Lang.) Hardware development(Tr. & RAM) Operation System Hadware development(IC, Chip) Early 1970s LSI,VLSI Mini-. Micro computer 1990 Parallel computing SIMD, MIMD Now Connecting with Computer Science 6 Ancient History Fifth Generation Forth Generation Third Generation Second Generation First Generation In the future What will be happened? What will need? 1950s Vacuum tubes worked as memory Data(MD,MT,PaperT,Card Late 1950s Second half of 1960s Software innovations(H.L.Lang.) Hardware development(Tr. & RAM) Operation System Hadware development(IC, Chip) Early 1970s LSI,VLSI Mini-. Micro computer 1990 Parallel computing SIMD, MIMD Connecting with Computer Science 7 Ancient History Origins of computer in ancient Assyria Tablets with arithmetic/trigonometric solutions Math solves societal and personal problems Drivers of mathematical development Property ownership and the need to measure Vertical construction and the pyramids Navigation and the need to control time Computers do math Connecting with Computer Science 8 Pascal and Leibniz Start the Wheel Rolling Paper, wood, stone, papyrus tables, abacuses as computers 1622: invention of slide rule 1642: invention of mechanical calculator by Blaise Pascal 1694: Leibniz Wheel expands arithmetic operations Connecting with Computer Science 9 Joseph Jacquard Invents programmable loom in 1801 Jacquard loom weaves patterns in fabric Allows input and storage of parameters Selection pins oriented with punch cards Similarities with player piano Concept of the stored program Connecting with Computer Science 10 Connecting with Computer Science...
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course I2C 101 taught by Professor John during the Spring '11 term at American Internation College.

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Chapter01.A brief history of computing - Connecting with...

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