Noun Formation.pdf - Noun formation I. Nouns having the...

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Noun formationI. Nouns having the same form as verbsII. Nouns formed with prefixesIII. Nouns formed with suffixesIV. Abbreviations and acronymsI. Nouns having the same form as verbsIn English, there are a number of nouns with the same form as verbs.Examples:charge, comment, contract, copy, debate, design, hope, look, plan, reply, studyIn some cases, the nounsdiffer from the verbsina)stress :withnouns, the stressis onthe first syllable,withverbs,onthe second.Examples:contrast, decrease, export, import, increase, present, progress,record, research, transferb)pronunciation:nounuse[ju:s]verbuse[ju:z]c)spelling:nounpracticeverbpractise(BE)but:practicepractice(AE)d) bothspelling and pronunciationnounadvice [s]verbadvise[z]device [s]devise [z]II. Nouns formed with prefixesMost of the prefixes used for forming adjectives and verbs are also used for forming nouns(see A Remedial Course in English Grammar: Adjectives (Adjectives formed with prefixes,Adjectives formed with suffixes), Verb formation.PrefixExamplesa-asymmetry, asynchronyanti-antimatter, antiparticlecounter-counterattack, countercurrentde-decentralization, decompositiondis-disagreement, displacementen-enclosure, enlargementfore-forecast, foregroundhyper-hypermarket, hypersensitivityil-illegality, illegibilityim-imperfection, impossibilityin-inaccuracy, independenceinter-interaction, interrelationir-irregularity, irresponsibilitymis-miscalculation, misinformation
non-nonsense, non-smokerover-overtime, overworkpre-precondition, previewsub-subdivision, subsectionsuper-superconductor, supervisionun-unbalance, unrestunder-underestimate, understatementRemember:NounAdjectiveimbalance/unbalanceunbalancedinabilityunableindecisionundecidedinequalityunequalinjusticeunjustinstabilityunstableIII. Nouns formed with suffixes1. Nouns describing people doing some activity (often an occupation) andpeople experiencing some activity (suffix –ee)SuffixExamples-antassistant, participant-eeattendee, referee, grantee-entcorrespondent, respondent-(e)erengineer, manager-ian

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Term
Spring
Professor
miguel ohara
Tags
European Union, Grammatical number, physicist, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

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