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Textbook notes Mexico

Textbook notes Mexico - Mexico political stability in...

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Mexico - political stability in mexico before 1914 - one party rule – Instiutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) dominated politics o lack of competitveness in elections - economic stability ensured popular support - 1994 – NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement o integrated Mexico’s economy more closely with the US and Canada - Carlos Salinas de Gortari - president - Same year the Zapatista National Liberation Front (EZLN) began major guerrilla insurgency in south and demanded greater political participation and a solution to the dire economic plight of poor rural farmers - This fight and unrest caused investors to pull their money out - This led to an economic crisis o Unemployment o Ppl feeing to US to find jobs Impact anti-immagration policies of Texas, California, etc o Impacting economic policies of other latin American countries - Turmoil finally leads to election of Vincente Fox, first opposition candidate to win o National Action Party (PAN) - Close elections followed in later years o Democratic competitiveness Historical, Social, and Ideological Origins Colonial Period - Spanish conquest of 1521 - Spain interested in revenue for the monarchy from natural resources o Mineral wealth, cotton, sugar - Colonist competing interests - Difficult to ensure that all of the revenue made its way back to spain o Corruption - Spain tried to limit corruption by implementing a cycle of Spanish born officials to all the high end posts o Highly centralized government - Small local councils (cabildos) but they had no relations with one another and little power o So when Spain left, there was no centralized power that could takeover - Power of Spanish colonists over the indigenous ppl - Spain granted indigenous land to the colonists - Criollos are upper class, spanish blood - Indigena were the lowest classes - Three important effects of colonialism on Mexican political life
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o Corporatism: a system of government wherein the state officials are viewed as being responsible for closely regulating and coordinating various economic and social groups within society o Centralized and top heavy political structures o Labor relations and land-hoding patterns From independence to revolution - seeds of Mexican independence – seventeeth-century decline of Spain - Spanish fleet unable to prevent contraband trade and influence of French and British ships - In 1700 new Bourbon dynasty - Charles III (1759-1788) most influential o Economic and political reforms o Promoted intracolonial trade Increased tax revenue o Reigorus bureactraic arragnemtn to tighten admin control - There were however political tensions because of marginalized local administrators and “taxation without representation” - 1808 – French troups invaded Spain o some criollos declared independence, inflence by European liberalism o loyalits to the crown squashed liberationist movements o there was a peaseant revolt inspired by the Virgin of Guadalupe, who appeared to an indigenous man back in 1531 lated 5 years
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Textbook notes Mexico - Mexico political stability in...

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