POL2103 Winter 2011 Midterm Exam Answer Guidelines

POL2103 Winter 2011 Midterm Exam Answer Guidelines - 1...

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1 POL2103 Winter 2011 Midterm Exam Grading Guidelines FIVE QUESTIONS (only 1 per section) – Mark out of 20 points per question (give a letter grade for each question and the corresponding point value, e.g., B+ 15/20) -- Write the total mark on the front cover of the booklet (letter grade and points out of 100) 1.1. This is a reasonably open answer: Standard reference to the term “international” limiting what is considered as ‘legitimate’ subject matter for the field to relations between nation-states Also, how we make sense of the world, not just what is privileged as an accepted field of study in academia (i.e., what enters into our radar as people interested in global politics) The term global politics is meant to encompass a wider range of actors, interactions, dynamics and processes, beyond states They might take this further by arguing something about the significance of this broadening 1.2. Refer to Box 1.4, p. 21 for 6 patterns of globalization (economic, military, legal, ecological, cultural, social) They should clearly identify 3 of these patterns, then briefly describe 1 or 2 dynamics within each Then I’d like to see them present a broader discussion on the implications of globalization for the study and practice of global politics/IR (as in 1-1 above) Generally looking for them to talk about a broadening of the field, as well as new challenges and issues that have arisen These challenges have led some to argue for stronger governance solutions beyond the state level 2-1. The 3 principles are: statism, self-help, & survival Statism: state is main actor/unit of analysis, rational security maximizers in pursuit of national interest defined in terms of relative power, reject the use of moral/ethical principles for foreign policy making Self-help: anarchic system, very different nature of interactions at domestic vs. international level, struggle for power (i.e., politics) at the international level puts states in zero-sum competitions Survival: never guaranteed, states must ensure their own, this is the main goal of foreign policy, and the balance of power is a major means to pursue order 2-2. Security dilemma : self-help nature of the international system obligates states to increase their own power (in pursuit of security), but this makes other states insecure since intentions are never fully known and a higher sovereign legal/judicial/police power is absent – SD leads to a prioritization of relative gains and makes cooperation limited and temporary at best
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2 3-1. Democratic Peace Theory – liberal democracies do not fight one another, ergo global peace is best
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