Review Questions for Exam Two answers

Review Questions for Exam Two answers - Mynda Songer Rels...

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Mynda Songer Rels 311 Review Questions for Exam Two 1. King Asoka was the ruler of a large empire that was constantly expanding by violence. He began to regret his bloody conquests and turn to Buddhism. He encouraged the spread of Buddhism through his territory, but he also supported all other samana groups in his kingdom. He put up large rock edicts giving advice to his people on things like religious toleration and taking care of elders. The point of the rock edicts was to get a better rebirth, not to reach Nirvana. His conversion changed the way he ran his kingdom. He no longer made military conquests, but conquest through the Dhamma. He expanded the reach of Buddhism by sending his children, who had converted to monks, to foreign countries to convert their kings. He also added a devotional aspect to Theravada Buddhism that was not there before. He commissioned the building of Stupas to show respect for the Buddha, and these were eventually said to hold relics of the Buddha. 2. Buddhagosa is the author of a Theravada text call The Path of Purification . This path is based on the teaching of the Buddha that was spread by King Asoka. The path outlines the Eight Fold path in the three categories of morality, concentration, and wisdom. 3. The three Baskets (pitakas) are the early Buddhist scriptures or the Pali Cannon. They consist of the Vinaya Pitaka (the rules of for monks and nuns), the Sutta pitaka (a collection of discourses of the Buddha), and the Abhidharma pitaka (composed of writings of early scholars, not the words of the Buddha). The Vinaya rules for monks and nuns were
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written because the monks and nuns were out in the world, and their actions reflected upon the monastery. Most of the rules were written in reaction to the actions of a monk or nun that were found unacceptable by the other monks or the laypeople. The monks recited the rules, but they do not relate to the attainment of Nirvana. There are four rules that, when broken, result in being kicked out of the monastery. They are killing, stealing, having sex, and falsely claiming spiritual enlightenment. The rest of the rules that guide monastic life are things that require either confession, or an official meeting. They restrict the actions of monks towards lay people, and the living conditions of monks to prevent indulgence. 4. Early devotional practices included walking around stupas containing relics of the Buddha, and trees became devotional objects, known as Bodhi-trees. Early representations of the Buddha himself included an empty throne and footprints, and not images of the man, which could lead to the worship of the Buddha instead of the study of the Dharma. The empty throne represents the place where the Buddha attained enlightenment, the footprints were a reminder that the Buddha was a man, and walked among the people. There was also the wheel, which represented the Dhamma wheel put in motion by the first sermon or the wheel of life that the eight fold path was meant to help people
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Review Questions for Exam Two answers - Mynda Songer Rels...

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