Poli 260 - Week 3 (Reading) - Poli 260 Week 3 Reading...

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Poli 260 Week 3 Reading WEALTH AND POWER - The balance of power is a function of tangible assets (such as armored divisions and nuclear weapons) that each great power controls - 2 kinds of power: o Latent power: socio-economic ingredients that go into building military power – largely based on state’s wealth and overall size of population; raw potential it can draw on when competing with rival states Large population and great wealth are key to building a strong army o Military power Based largely on size and strength of a state’s land ARMY and supporting air/naval forces Conquer territory, coerce other states into making territorial concessions Great-power wars won mainly on ground - A state’s power is directly related and parallel to their military forces/power compared to the rival states o Offensive realism emphasizes that force is the ultima ratio of international politics THE MATERIAL BASIS OF POWER - Power can be defined in two ways: o Specific ASSETS or material resources that are available to a state o OUTCOMES of interactions between states; ability of one state to force another to do something - Balance of power is not a highly reliable predictor of military success o Non-material factors may provide one combatant with a decisive advantage over the other (eg strategy, intelligence, weather, disease) o However, in situations like battles of attrition, material superiority will have more power and win the war - Strategy: how a state employs its forces against an opponent’s forces o Allow states that are less or equally powerful to succeed and beat their more powerful rivals - Should not equate balance of TANGIBLE ASSETS (power) with OUTCOMES due to influence of non-material factors
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course POLI 260 taught by Professor Sens,allen during the Winter '09 term at The University of British Columbia.

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Poli 260 - Week 3 (Reading) - Poli 260 Week 3 Reading...

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