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Ch 12 Notes Psych Disorders (post version)

Ch 12 Notes Psych Disorders (post version) -...

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Psychopathology What was formerly known as mental illness or mental disorder is now often referred to as psychopathology. Some feel “mental illness” puts the basis for the illness on biology, even though psychologists have shown that environment is often the cause of the disorder. Psychopathology is any pattern of emotions, behavior, or thoughts inappropriate to the situation and leading to personal distress or the inability to achieve important goals.
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Psychological Disorders At various moments, all of us feel, think or act the way disturbed people do much of the time. We, too, get anxious, depressed, withdrawn, suspicious, or deluded, just less intensely and more briefly. Some 450 million people world wide suffer psychological disorders. No culture known to man is without some form of psychological disorders.
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Prevalence of Psychopathology In America, mental illness is far more common than most people realize. Over 15% of the population currently suffers from diagnosable mental health problems. Another study found that during any given year, the behaviors of over 56 million Americans meet the criteria for a diagnosable psychological disorder (Carson et al. 1996). Over the lifespan, as many as 32% of Americans suffer from some psychological disorder (Regier et al., 1988).
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What is Psychological Disorder? How do we discern what is normal and abnormal? Robin Williams, Dave Chapelle, Madonna, Marilyn Manson? What about a soldier who risks his life in war? A grief stricken mother who cannot return to her normal routines three months after losing her son? Psychological disorders are persistently harmful thoughts, feelings and actions. When behavior is deviant, distressful and dysfunctional , psychologists label it a disorder.
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3 Classical Symptoms of Severe Mental Illness The more extreme a disorder is, the more easily it is detected. When trying to diagnose a patient, doctors look for three classic symptoms of sever psychopathology: Hallucinations- false sensory experiences. Delusions- extreme disorders that involve persistent false beliefs. Affect (emotion)-characteristically depressed, anxious, manic, or no emotional response.
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Psychological Disorders as a Continuum No Disorder Mild Disorder Moderate Disorder Severe Disorder Absence of signs of psychological disorder Few signs of distress or other indicators of psychological disorder Indicators of disorders are more pronounced and occur more frequently Clear signs of psychological disorder, which dominate the person’s life Absence of behavioral problems Few behavior problems; responses usually appropriate to the situation More distinct behavior is often inappropriate to the situation Severe and frequent behavior problems; behavior is usually inappropriate to the situation No problems with interpersonal relationships Few difficulties with relationships More frequent difficulties with relationships Many poor relationships or lack of relationships Disorders are exaggerations of normal behavior and responses.
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