Ch 6 Notes Learning

Ch 6 Notes Learning - Learning:Classicaland...

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AP PSYCHOLOGY FOREST GROVE HIGH SCHOOL MR. TUSOW Learning:  Classical and  Operant Conditioning Chapter 6
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Learning Learning  is a lasting change in behavior or mental  process as the result of an experience. There are two important parts: a lasting change…a simple reflexive reaction is not learning learning regarding mental process is much harder to observe  and study.
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Life without Learning Learning is more than school, books and tests.  Without learning our lives would simply be a series  of reflexes and instincts. We would not be able to communicate, we would have no  memory of our past or goals for the future.
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Learning’s Effects on Behavior In humans, learning has a much larger influence on  behavior than instincts.  Learning represents an evolutionary advance over instincts.
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SIMPLE AND COMPLEX LEARNING Types of Learning
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Simple Learning Habituation:  Learning not to respond to the  repeated presentation of a stimulus.  Ex-Emergency sirens in the city  How often do you look when a car alarm goes off?
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Simple Learning Mere Exposure Effect:  A learned preference for stimuli to  which we have been previously exposed.  Ex-A coach/parent’s voice Which do you prefer? Which did your parents drink when you were a little kid?
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Complex Learning Behavioral Learning:  Forms of learning, such as  classical  and  operant conditioning  which can be  described in terms of stimuli and responses. Classical conditioning is more simple learning, operant  conditioning is more complex learning.
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Ivan Pavlov and Classical Conditioning One of most famous people in the study of learning is  Ivan Pavlov.  Originally studying salivation and digestion, Pavlov  stumbled upon classical conditioning while he was  experimenting on his dog. Classical Conditioning:  A form of learning in which a previously  neutral stimulus (stimuli w/o reflex provoking power) acquires the  power to elicit the same innate reflex produced by another stimulus.
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Pavlov’s Findings Explained Pavlov discovered that a neutral stimulus, when paired with  a natural reflex-producing stimulus, will begin to produce a  learned response, even when it is presented by itself. Neutral Stimulus:  Any stimulus that produces no  conditioned response prior to learning.
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Pavlov’s Experiment
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Pavlov’s Experiment Watch Pavlov’s Experiment Video Ivan Pavlov
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Components of Conditioning There are 5 main components of conditioning.  Classical Conditioning always involves these parts.  They are: Neutral Stimulus  Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR)
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Larson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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Ch 6 Notes Learning - Learning:Classicaland...

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