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Ch 12 Notes Psych Disorders (post version 2) (1)

Ch 12 Notes Psych Disorders (post version 2) (1) - Bipolar...

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Bipolar Disorder Formerly known as manic-depressive disorder, bipolar disorder is a mental abnormality involving swings of mood from mania to depression. A strong genetic component is well established, although the exact genes involved are not known. 1% of the population has bipolar attacks, having an identical twin with the problem inflates a person’s chances to about 70%
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Anxiety Disorders Everyone has experienced some level of anxiety in their life. For some people, a spider, or a tall ladder are enough to send chills down the spine. Psychopathology anxiety is far more
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Prevalence of Mental Disorders =Anxiety Disorder
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized anxiety disorder is a psychological problem characterized by persistent and pervasive feelings of anxiety, without any external cause. May experience times when your worries don't completely consume you, but you still feel rather anxious May feel on edge about many or all aspects of your life May have a general sense that something bad is about to happen, even when there's no apparent danger.
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Panic Disorder Panic disorder is a disturbance marked by sudden and severe anxiety attacks that have no obvious connections with events in the person’s life. Usually free of anxiety between panic attacks Panic attack symptoms: * Rapid heart rate * Sweating * Trembling * Shortness of breath * Hyperventilation * Chills * Hot flashes * Nausea * Abdominal cramping * Chest pain * Headache
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Panic Disorder Many people who suffer from panic disorder also have agoraphobia . A condition which involves panic that develops when people find themselves in situations from which they cannot easily escape: crowed places, open spaces, etc. Occurs in about 2% of people and affects women more than men.
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Phobic Disorders In contrast to panic disorder, phobias involve persistent and irrational fear associated with a specific object, activity or situation. While many of us have fears, or dislikes of specific objects or situations, these only become psychopathology when they have a cause substantial disruptions in our lives. Coulrophobia
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Phobias-Irrational Fears Acrophobia: Heights Claustrophobia: Enclosed spaces Hematophobia: Blood Gephyrophobia: Crossing a bridge Kenophobia: Empty rooms Cynophobia: Dogs Aerophobia: Flying Entomophobia: Insects Gamophobia: Marriage Ophdophobia: Snakes Xenophobia: Strangers
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Preparedness Hypothesis This theory suggests that we carry an innate biological tendency, acquired through natural selection, to respond quickly and automatically to stimuli that posed a survival threat to our ancestors. May explain why we develop phobias for snakes and lightening much more easily than automobiles and electrical outlets
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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder OCD is a condition characterized by patterns of persistent, unwanted thoughts and behaviors.
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