Ch 1 Notes Intro, History (student)

Ch 1 Notes Intro, History (student) - AP Psychology Forest...

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AP Psychology Forest Grove High School Mr. Tusow
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What is Psychology? Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. “Psychology” has its roots in the Greek words of “psyche,” or mind, and “-ology,” or a field of study.”
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Scientific Method The science of psychology is based on objective, verifiable evidence obtained using the scientific method. What is the scientific method?
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The Empirical Approach Much like scientific method, the empirical approach uses a set of standards to conduct a study which emphasizes careful observation and scientifically based research. Why is it important to use the empirical approach?
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What is Real Psychology and What is Pseudo-psychology? Pseudo-psychology is the phony or unscientific psychology which pretends to be the real thing.
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Negative Effects of Pseudo-psychology: People believe the fake psychology and miss out on real psychological insights which are more helpful and interesting. Ex. Confirmation bias: Only paying attention to the events and evidence which confirms our desired beliefs. Also, pseudo-psychology can produce a lot of fraud. With increased incidents of fraud in the field of psychology, there is diminished public support for legitimate psychological science.
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Facilitated Communication Another example of pseudo-psychology was an autism treatment called Facilitated Communication. After applying the scientific method to the practice, it proved to be no more accurate than Cleaver Han’s math calculations.
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3 Ways of Doing Psychology 1. Experimental Psychologists: These are the psychologists who do the basic research in psychology. Most are faculty members at a college or university. This is the smallest group of the three major branches of psychology.
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3 Ways of Doing Psychology 2. Teachers of Psychology: This group overlaps with the experimental research group because most researchers also teach, but there has been an increase in the hiring of psychology teachers.
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3 Ways of Doing Psychology 3. Applied Psychology: This group uses the knowledge developed by experimental psychologists to address human problems such as training, equipment design and psychological treatment. For a list of specific applied psychological specialties, see page 7 in your book.
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Psychiatry is a specialty in the medical field, not a part of psychology. Psychiatrists hold MDs and have specialized training in the treatment of mental and behavioral problems. Psychology is a much broader field which has many
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Ch 1 Notes Intro, History (student) - AP Psychology Forest...

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