ch10 - Chapter Ten Constructivist Learning Theory, Problem...

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Chapter Ten Constructivist Learning Theory, Problem Solving, and Transfer
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Overview Meaningful learning within a constructivist framework The nature of problem solving Transfer of learning Technology tools for knowledge construction and problem solving
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Facets of Constructivism Meaningful learning is the active creation of knowledge structures from personal experience. The essence of one person’s knowledge can never be totally transferred to another person because knowledge is the result of a personal interpretation of experience. Even though knowledge is personal people often agree about what is true. Additions to, deletions from, or modifications of individuals’ knowledge structures come mainly from the sharing of multiple perspectives.
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Constructivism Today Two variations on a constructivist theme Cognitive constructivism Emphasizes the development of meaningful learning by focusing on the cognitive processes that take place within individuals Social constructivism Emphasizes the development of meaningful learning by focusing on culture and social interactions
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Conditions That Foster Constructivism Cognitive apprenticeship Teachers modeling cognitive processes that students eventually take responsibility for as they become more skilled Situated learning Giving learning tasks situated in realistic
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ch10 - Chapter Ten Constructivist Learning Theory, Problem...

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