ch05 - Chapter Five Addressing Cultural and Socioeconomic...

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Chapter Five Addressing Cultural and Socioeconomic Diversity
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Overview The rise of multiculturalism Ethnicity and social class Multicultural education programs Bilingual education
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From Melting Pot to Cultural Pluralism Melting pot Diverse ethnic groups assimilating into one mainstream culture Cultural Pluralism A society should strive to maintain the different cultures that reside within it Each culture within a society should be respected by others Individuals within a society have the right to participate in all aspects of that society without having to give up their cultural identity
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Immigrants to the United States Source: U.S. Office of Immigration Statistics (2003). 66,089,431 Total 9,095,417 1991-2000 8,795,386 1908-1910 7,338,062 1981-1990 3,687,546 1891-1900 4,493,314 1971-1980 5,246,613 1881-1890 3,321,677 1961-1970 2,812,191 1871-1880 2,515,479 1951-1960 2,314,824 1861-1870 1,035,039 1941-1950 2,598,214 1851-1860 528,431 1931-1940 1,713,251 1841-1850 4,107,209 1921-1930 599,125 1831-1840 5,735,811 1911-1920 151,824 1820-1830 Number Years Number Year
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The Effect of Ethnicity on Learning Five aspects of ethnicity that are potential sources of misunderstanding: 1. Verbal communication patterns 2. Nonverbal communication 3. Time orientation 4. Social values 5. Instructional formats and learning processes (Bennett, 2003)
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Adverse Factors Experienced by Many Low-SES Children Many low-SES children do not receive satisfactory health care. Low-SES children are more likely than middle- class children to grow up in a one-parent family. Many low-SES students may not be strongly motivated to do well in school because of lower levels of need for achievement. Low-SES children often experience negative classroom environments.
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Teacher Expectancy Effect On the basis of such characteristics as race, SES, ethnic background, dress, speech pattern, and test scores, teachers form expectancies about how various
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ch05 - Chapter Five Addressing Cultural and Socioeconomic...

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