ch04 - Chapter Four Understanding Student Differences...

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Chapter Four Understanding Student Differences
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Overview The nature and measurement of intelligence Using new views of intelligence to guide instruction Learning styles Gender differences and gender bias
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What Traditional Intelligence Tests Measure Spearman’s two factor theory of intelligence General factor Affected performance on all intellectual tests Specific factor Affected performance only on specific intellectual tests
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Limitations of Intelligence Tests The appraisal of intelligence is limited by the fact that it cannot be measured directly. Intelligence tests sample intellectual capabilities that relate to classroom achievement better than they relate to anything else. Intelligence test scores can be improved with systematic instruction. Anything that enhances classroom performance will likely have a positive effect on intelligence test performance.
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Contemporary Views of Intelligence David Weschler – Global Capacity View Robert Sternberg – Triarchic Theory Howard Gardner – Multiple Intelligences Theory
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The Three Components of Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence Practical ability Creative ability Analytical ability Adapting to one’s environment Shaping one’s environment Selecting a different environment Solving novel and unfamiliar problems Using prior knowledge and cognitive skills to solve problems and learn new information
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Larson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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ch04 - Chapter Four Understanding Student Differences...

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