historyandresearchintro

historyandresearchintro - Introduction to Psychology...

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Introduction to Psychology Caroline M. Clements, Ph.D. The University of North Carolina at Wilmington Department of Psychology
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Index Card Information Name Student Number Code for posting exam scores Local Phone Contact Email address
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What is Psychology? Psychology is the science of brain processes and behavior
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The Goals of Psychologists Psychologists engage in the study of psychology in order to understand, explain and predict and control behavior.
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Lecture Overview History of Psychology Modern Perspectives in Psychology Psychology as a Career Doing Research in Psychology
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Historical Background Nativist (nature) vs Empiricist (nuture) Are a person’s characteristics mostly inborn or learned?
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Historical Background Plato – (427-347) Plato was interested in moral philosophy and despised natural philosophy (that is, science) as an inferior and unworthy sort of knowledge. Believed we are born with complete knowledge within our soul. Learning – a process of inner reflection to discover the knowledge within us.
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Democritus of Abdera 460-370 BC Democritus explained all changes in the world as changes in motion of the atoms, or the way that they were packed together. This brought mathematics into a fundamental physical role since the whole of the structure proposed by Democritus was quantitative and subject to mathematical laws. Another fundamental idea in Democritus's theory is that nature behaves like a machine, it is nothing more than a highly complex mechanism.
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History Aristole – (384-322) Knowledge acquired through experience. Four Laws of Association Law of similarity Law of Contrast Law of Contiguity Law of Frequency
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History Descartes- (1596-1650) Mind body dualism Reflexes Behavior controlled by the mind or will. Dualistic notion of human behavior suggested at least some components of behavior could be scientifically investigated.
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History of Psychology
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Early History of Psychological Thought Greeks how does the “soul/mind” give rise to memory, sensation, movement, etc. where is the “soul/mind” located Descartes (1600s) dualism (mind/body problem) how does physical matter give rise to thought, sensation, etc. mechanistic view (e.g., reflexes) pineal gland as the interface between soul and body
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Phrenology: Franz Gall (1758-1828)
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First Psychologists (late 1800s-early 1900s) Wilhelm Wundt father of experimental psychology first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany, 1879 studied reaction time to simple and two-choice stimuli
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E. Bradford Titchener popularized Wundt’s psychology and brought it to U.S.
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historyandresearchintro - Introduction to Psychology...

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