Psych 399R Essay 2

Psych 399R Essay 2 - Caitlin Dekker September 28, 2011...

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Caitlin Dekker September 28, 2011 Psych 399R Essay #2 Observer-Expectancy effect and Demand Characteristics An integral part of social psychology is trying to understand how people respond in different social situations and why. In order to study this, researchers must observe people. However, the very act of being observed causes people to behave differently than they normally would behave, known as observer-expectancy effect. When participants know that they are being observed, they act either how they think the researcher wants them to act or do the complete opposite. This is known as demand characteristics or, in other words, the participant attempts to interpret the experiment’s purpose and changes their behavior accordingly. These participants take on the good, bad, negative, or apprehensive participant role and no longer behave how they would under normal circumstances. When this happens, experimenters have to disregard this data because the demand characteristic acts as a confound which affects the participant’s
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course PSYCH 311 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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Psych 399R Essay 2 - Caitlin Dekker September 28, 2011...

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