reading notes course pack #1 eng481

reading notes course pack #1 eng481 - Sabrina Baez ENG 481...

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Baez 1 ENG 481 10/21/2011 Reading Notes #2 Reading Notes: Swearingen, Kelber, Wire, and Stowers Swearingen In the article “The Tongues of Men” by Dr. C. Jan Swearingen, the main topic is Paul’s letters to the Romans and 1 Corinthians. The article focuses on the rhetorical devices used and how they pertained to the understanding of the letters. The letters contain “lexicon, rhetorical genre, and implied audience” (Swearingen 232) in order to capture Paul’s audience and efficiently get his point across. Instead of trying to group his audience all into one, Paul allows them to be in their own groups, emphasizing that unity and love can still exist even if the group is diverse. Paul’s methods were so detrimental, that they are still used today. Many preachers and ministers shift their sermons from their own voice to biblical quotation with a flowing shift, much like Paul did. In the letters to the Romans, law is one of the main concerns. The Romans emphasized the “illegal and immoral use of language and speech” (Swearingen 237). The main reason for this was so that the Romans could stop their civil fighting and become one under Christ and share the love and wisdom of the Gospel. In 1Corinthians the message is one of love and language. Also mentioned within 1Corinthians is; wisdom, foolishness, earthly and heavenly treasures, the gifts of the spirit, love and language. Love and speech are connected through a series of positive and negative definitions. Women are mentioned in terms of marriage, modesty, obedience, and hierarchy with God being the head of man and man being the head of his wife. The basis of Paul’s arguments is that if you speak, even if it is beautifully, without genuine love then they are simply empty words. Kelber The article “Orality and Texuality in Paul” by Werner Kelber, emphasizes on Paul’s preference and use of oral speech in a means to get his message across. By using oral speech, Paul encompasses his emotions and personal experiences into his message, giving it a stronger meaning and engaging the audience more. Paul believes in hearing rather than seeing. The Gospel usually accompanies nouns that denote the act of the oral word; spoken, preached, announced, and proclaimed. The spoken word takes on more of a genuine spiritual meaning, giving it life in the ears of the audience. The drawback to this is that the oral speech cannot be separated from the speaker, so at any moment the speaker can lose loyalty of the crowd by offending them with his/her own opinion. In this article it is mentioned that Paul had a bitter sweet relationship to the written law and how it was interpreted. Paul believes the idea of the Law is a good one but, it is “written” by many instead of one true God, thus it cannot be genuine Baez 2 and exact. Paul believes that when people learn about the law, this gives them the motivation to disobey it, similar to Adam and Eve’s consciousness that they are naked in Genesis. Wire
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course ENGL 481 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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reading notes course pack #1 eng481 - Sabrina Baez ENG 481...

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