Reading notes kennedy eng481

Reading notes kennedy eng481 - Sabrina Baez ENG 481...

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Sabrina Baez Baez 1 ENG 481 10/7/2011 Reading Notes – Kennedy George Kennedy Chapters 1-8 In the first chapter of his book, “Rhetorical Criticism”, George Kennedy introduces the meaning of rhetoric as it pertains to the New Testament. Kennedy also mentions “Christian Rhetoric” meaning someone who is speaking through God’s will, this was more common in the Old Testament. (Kennedy 7). The basis of this chapter is to historically justify the use of classical rhetoric in the New Testament. Kennedy’s main point about rhetoric is “the ultimate goal of rhetorical analysis, briefly put, is the discovery of the author’s intent and of how that is transmitted through a text to the audience”. (Kennedy 12). Kennedy refers to the Aristotelian Theory in utilizing pathos, egos, and logos within rhetorical criticism. The three parts of Rhetorical composition are broken down into; “amplification of the basic thesis of the speaker, arrangement of the elements of the rhetorical composition into a unified structure, and style”. (Kennedy 21-25). Kennedy then goes on to say that the New Testament was meant to be heard orally so that it was heard linearly without time for the audience to review prior information. In chapter 2, “Deliberative Rhetoric”, Kennedy references the gospels of Luke and Matthew, because they are clear and concise speeches. It was Matthew and Luke’s intent to supply a more intellectually satisfying gospel in answer to Mark’s gospel thus “The Sermon on the Mount” was created. This sermon is deliberative because Jesus gives specific guidelines on how to live a wholesome life, and he looks to the immediate future. In the sermon it is clear that Jesus has goals that he wishes are acquired promptly and efficiently, he doesn’t just ask for change he demands it. Jesus first establishes his relationship to the audience making his presence known and almost feared, and then lays down the law. Kennedy also references Luke’s recounting of Jesus in Chapter 2 as well. Luke’s version of Jesus’ speech is very different from Matthew’s; it’s less clear and not as demanding in demeanor. In Matthews version it is very obvious that Jesus had it out for certain groups; tax collectors, Pharisees, etc…however in Luke’s version these infractions are less obvious. In chapter 3 Kennedy writes about epideictic rhetoric. He believes that it is the most difficult to define out of the three “species” of rhetoric. (Kennedy 73). According to Kennedy, epideictic rhetoric was the gray area between judicial and deliberative rhetoric. It does not focus on the judgment of past actions or future actions by the audience. Epideictic rhetoric focuses on the imagination and inspiration of the audience, the users of this kind of rhetoric are looking to be admired and not feared. Kennedy uses John’s 13-17 as an example of epideictic rhetoric, primarily the situation of The Last Supper, which uses repetitiveness, and draws on the heartstrings of the audience. Baez 2
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Reading notes kennedy eng481 - Sabrina Baez ENG 481...

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