pols 206 exam 2 notes

pols 206 exam 2 notes - Topic 5 I General Nature of...

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Topic 5 I. General Nature of Interest Groups a. Definition- formal organization of people who: a.i. Share 1+ common attitude a.ii. Make demands on others in a society to promote/protest a.iii. Not all groups are interest groups-emphasis on shared attitude and interests a.iii.1. Not all are relevant to Political Science b. Goals b.i. Pursue new benefits to promote group interests b.ii. Defend existing benefits to protect group interests b.iii. More effective on #2- conservative force b.iii.1. SCUBA Diving Safety II. Interest Group formation and Membership a. Why are there interest groups? a.i. 1 st amendment- freedom of association and speech a.ii. Lobbying- political participation a.ii.1. Pressure groups- negative aspect of interest grou a.iii. Most citizens are closely associated or belong to some interest group a.iii.1. Church a.iii.2. TAMU student a.iii.3. Drinking age b. Why do people form interest groups? b.i. Material benefits b.i.1. Tangible b.i.2. Discounts b.i.3. Subscriptions b.ii. Solidary benefits b.ii.1. Feeling good about hanging out with others like you b.iii. Purposive benefits b.iii.1. Make the world a better place b.iii.1.a. LIONS CLUB b.iv. Based on theoretical assumption that people engage in collective action because it is rational to do so. b.iv.1. Maximize benefits, minimize costs c. What is rational? c.i. Maximize benefits, minimize costs c.ii. Thus people join and form interest groups d. d.i. Characteristic of “public goods” d.i.1. Non-excludability-once provided NO ONE can’t be excluded from benefiting from it-most important d.i.2. Each individual contribution is a trivial contribution to total costs d.i.2.a. Clean H20, O2
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d.i.3. One person’s enjoyment of the benefit doesn’t prevent others from benefiting d.i.3.a. M. Olsen Logic of Collection Action d.ii. Free Riders-Not intended to make a normative statement;Free loader d.ii.1. Rational not to join a group for public goods d.ii.2. You get benefits regardless, and your absence won’t be noticed d.ii.3. BUT if everyone is rational, there won’t be enough participants to work to get public good d.ii.4. Applies even if benefits of public goods> cost of participating d.ii.5. Less of a problem in small groups d.iii. Overcoming Free Rider Problem d.iii.1. Selective benefits d.iii.1.a. Discounts d.iii.2. Government coercion d.iii.2.a. Labor unions d.iii.2.a.i. Right to work states (labor unions illegal) d.iii.2.a.ii. Student service fees d.iii.2.a.ii.1. University of Wisconsin d.iii.2.a.ii.1.a. Christians vs. Social Atheist d.iii.2.a.ii.1.a.i. Provided by SSF d.iii.3. Social ostracism d.iii.3.a. *2e d.iii.3.b. Olsen, more effective in small groups d.iii.3.b.i. 2%ers d.iii.3.b.i.1. Effective of being called a 2%er e. Other theories e.i. Pluralistic-latent appear manifested
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pols 206 exam 2 notes - Topic 5 I General Nature of...

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