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Chapter 3 (Week 2)Our Origin StoryMaka=EarthMni=WaterMahpiya To=SkyAnpetu Wi=SunHanhepi Wi=MoonTate=WindWakan=translated to sacred, that’s not right thoughSacred means mystery, bowing to a higher powerwakan=life, energy, has the power to create or destroy, good and badWith every being that came into creation, more of Inyan’s blood spilledAfter creating man, Inyan broke apart and spread throughout the universeWinyan=Woman (like earth, give life and nourishment to all her children)Wicasa=Man (like universe, provide nourishment and protection)Lakota philosophy is seldom written down because people try to change it to makeit conform to Western values and beliefsWamakaskan Oyate=living beings of Earthwa=beingsmaka=Earthskan=that move, that have life/spiritoyate=nationFor every being on Earth, there is an identical one in the universeWicahpi Oyate=man’s flesh, the twin in the star nationMitakuye Oyas’in=all my relatives, we are all relatedNever ask creation to solve your problems, simply ask it to help you with themThe universe owes you nothingAll beings possess good and evil, like InyanAt first, everything was goodThen everyone started fightingEarth did the “cleansing” by breaking the land apart into islandsThis all happened again
Maka called people closest to her inside and she killed everyone elseIktomi=trickster figureIktomi led the survivors to surface and showed them the earth:Brown buffalos=give them shelter, food, toolsWhite buffalos=spiritual guidesThis spot they came out at was wasu niye, the hole that breathes, Wind CaveWhen all people emerged, they held a race to determine who would choose how togo back to lifeThe race was twice around the Black HillsThe magpie won for the two-legged, the bearsWe still look to the bear for wisdom during ceremoniesNo mystery or miracles in our philosophyEverything is reality basedWe know who we work with, mitakuye oyas’inWe all go back to Inyan
Chapter 2 (Week 3)I Want to Bring You up to Date1600s- French trapped beavers and other fur-bearing animals around Great LakesTerritory of the Ojibwa and CreeRan out of animals and soon went to the westEncountered the NadowessiouxFrench thought Nadowessioux meant “little snake, poisonous snake”Ojibwa thought Nadowessioux meant “people from the snakelike river”Sioux is divided into three categories by dialects of the same languageLakota, Dakota, NakotaDakota: Mde Wakantun, Wahpekute, Wahpetun, Sisitunwan-Easternmost (Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dakota)-Became Anglicized (Sisitunwan is now Sisseton)-East of the MissouriNakota: Ihanktunwan, Ihanktunwanni-South Dakota, Montana, Canada-Called Yankton Sioux today-East of the MissouriLakota (Titunwan or Teton): Oceti Sakowin-Sicangu, Ogala, Itazipco, Oohenupa, Hohwoju, Sihasapa, Hunkpapa-West of the Missouri-From river to Rocky Mountains-From North Dakota and Montana down to Nebraska, northeasternColorado, and eastern Wyoming-Black Hills are center of Lalkota territory