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HTML - closing tags although many browsers don’t require...

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HTML IT 202—Internet Applications Based on notes developed by Morgan Benton
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Intro to HTML HTML stands for Hyper-Text Markup Language It is a subset of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) Historically HTML and SGML are presentational styles and not well adapted to interactivity
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HTML Basics HTML files are text files and can be created in ANY text editor Visual effects are created by the way that Web Browser software interprets the text. Effects are created by enclosing text with special “tags” The list of tags is relatively short and worth learning—regardless of the HTML editing software there are always times that you need to tweak your HTML
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HTML Basics (cont’d) Tags resemble characters enclosed in pointy brackets—e.g. <p> There are opening tags, <b>, and closing tags, </b> In well-formed HTML you should ALWAYS use
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Unformatted text preview: closing tags, although many browsers don’t require it Well-formed HTML always nests tags appropriately—e.g. <b><i></i></b> is correct whereas <b><i></b></i> is incorrect Creating a Web Page Open a text browser Type in your HTML text Save the file with an “.html” extension FTP the file to a directory located on a web server You’re done! Test it by pointing a browser at the file Let’s try it! Creating a web page using HTML HTML Validation You can test to see if your HTML conforms exactly to the HTML 4.0 specification Somewhere in the body of your page include the following code: <p> <a href="http://validator.w3.org/check/referer"> <img border="0" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/valid-html401" alt="Valid HTML 4.01!" height="31" width="88"></a> </p>...
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