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lecture3 - internationaltrade 20:15 Electronicwaste...

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Environmental consequence of  international trade 20:15 Electronic waste Understand relationship between environmental impacts and economic activates Understand environmental impacts of international trade for developing countries  Environmental Impact= Population (# of people) x Affluence ($/Person) x Technology  (impact/$) Affluence : income per day, by 2015, Africa half/half with over 1 dollar a day  South Asia will be well over poverty by 2015, with most of the world Population is increasing in general in every country  Technology : advancing technology means increasing efficiency Lower input or damage or same output How to measure? Input: energy/resource use Damage: amount of pollutants/emissions, biodiversity loss, etc. Output (affluence): GDP, GNI, Human Development index Overall technology is advancing, efficiency is increasing Exceptions 32% of the US efficient electricity generation system unchanged since 1960 Higher income: higher amount of emissions  Environmental Kuznets Curve: Economic development first raises pollution problems. But beyond some turning point, 
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