lecture9 - lectures 12:46 Evolutionofenvironmentalissues

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lectures 12:46 Evolution of environmental issues 1. 1970s End of pipe treatment---limited accountability, reliance on abatement 2. pollution prevention (reduce, reuse, recycle)— 3. design for environment(extension of number 2; life cycle assessment, look at entire  life cycle of product to raw material to design to manufacturing to transportation to  distribution to final use; all different stages look at system perspective))--- 4. sustainable development--- focus on environmental aspect, thinking more broadly  social and economic issues, larger than 3, with inclusion of social justice, social stability  and economic aspects/growth. Ultimate goal is to economic growth, although  environmental issues, still need to think economic growth and environmental issues.  More broad. Compromises  history of sustainable development 1962:silent spring 1970 first earth day, EPA by Nixon 1972 un has first conference on human environment 1983 un established Brundtland commission: examine worlds critical environment and  development  problems 1987: brundtand commission report; 3 components of sustainable development:  environmental protection, economic growth, social equity  1998; people planet profit, business perspective, Elkington 1992; Rio earth summit 2002; thirst un conference on environment and development 2012; Rio again sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without  compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs – brundtland  commission  problem: we are far from this definition of sustainability . This may cause us guilt and  perhaps frustration and s there ma be a tendency to just give up common aspects of sus development: needs of the future, people needs, limitation on  needs, within the mans of nature
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grand challenges at global scale 1. people:  world population: developing countries have most increase, huge increase  after WW!!, 8 billion 2020, age: developing increase in younger age, few years large  increase in work force.  2. people’s needs: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: five stages: basic life needs, safety 
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lecture9 - lectures 12:46 Evolutionofenvironmentalissues

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