Ch.3[1] - stimuli by 32nd or 33rd week Newborns appear to...

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Prenatal Development and Birth Chapter 3
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Conception Chromosomes Gametes Zygote Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) Sex chromosomes Multiple births
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Genetics Genes control and influence traits Genotype and phenotype Dominant and recessive Homogenous and heterogenous Inheritance Polygenetic Multi-factorial
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Genetic and Chromosomal Disorders Autosomal disorders Sex-linked disorders Trisomes Sex-chromosome anomalies
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Pregnancy First trimenster Second trimester Third trimester
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Prenatal Development Three stages: Germinal Embryonic Fetal Cephalocaudal and proximodistal development
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Sex Differences Male fetuses are generally: More physically active Less sensitive to external stimulation and slower to develop skeleton More vulnerable to prenatal problems Conceived more often but also spontaneously aborted more often More sensitive to environmental variables
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Prenatal Behavior Fetuses can distinguish between familiar and novel
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Unformatted text preview: stimuli by 32nd or 33rd week Newborns appear to remember stimuli to which they were exposed prenatally Stable individual differences in behavior are identifiable in fetuses Teratogens Maternal Influences Diet Age Chronic illnesses Environmental hazards Maternal emotions Fetal Assessment and Treatment Ultrasonography Chorionic villus sampling Amniocentesis Fetoscopy Birth Location, attendants, drugs Vaginal vs. Cesarean Natural childbirth Three stages: 1. Dilation and effacement 2. Delivery of baby 3. Delivery of placenta Birth Complications Anoxia Fetal distress Dislocation of hips or shoulders Fractures Compression of nerves Neonate Apgar scale Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Low birth weight Pregnancy out of wedlock?...
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course PSY 200 taught by Professor Cahoon during the Winter '08 term at Wright State.

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Ch.3[1] - stimuli by 32nd or 33rd week Newborns appear to...

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